Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu anni । Benefits

Shah Muhammad Suhail

Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa'fu anni

Regarding the context of the revelation of this dua, the Ulamae Keram say that Aisha Radiyallahu Anha once asked Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, which night is Laylatul Qadar, if I know it, what dua should I make on that night? Then Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, You – Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu anni, pray this Dua.

The original part and translation of the prayer

This supplication is mentioned in several hadiths. Narrated by Imam Nasa’i in his book Sunane Kubra, Imam Imam Qada’i in his book Musnadush Shihab. Apart from them many others including Imam Tirimizi narrated this hadith. However, in Sunanut Tirimizi, one word is added to this supplication.

This time we have not seen the original prayer and its translation. Then I will discuss its explanation, usefulness and relevance. The main prayer is as follows.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

Pronunciation: Allahumma innaka afuun tuhibbul afwa fafu anni.

Translation: O Allah, You are the Forgiver of sins. You love to forgive sins, so forgive me.

Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa'fu anni
Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu anni

Allahumma innaka afuun supplication is in the hadith

Imam Ibn al-Qayyim (Rahimahullah) said in his book Alamul Muqyun:


سألَتْهُ صلى اللهُ عليهِ وسلَّمَ عائشةُ رضي الله عنها إنْ وافقتُها فبِمَ أدعو ؟ قال قولي اللهمَّ إنك عفوٌ تحبُّ العفوَ فاعفُ عني

Translation: Aisha Radiyallahu Anha asked Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, what supplication should I make that night if I find Lailatul Qadar? Then Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, You – Allahumma innaka afuun tuhibbul afwa fafu anni, pray this dua. (Narrated by: Ayesha Radiyallahu Ahna, Muhaddith: Ibnul Qayyim, Source: Ilamul Muaqqiyin, Page: 249, Volume: 4, Summary of Hadith Rulings: Sahih)

Explanation of the prayer

This dua includes a few words. Here we are giving a separate explanation and analysis of each word.

Allahumma

According to the consensus of linguists Allahumma means, O Allah. It is used in prayer or supplication. So it is not called Allahumma Gafurur Rahim, but Allahumma Igfir Li.

Innaka Afuun

The term al-Af’u is commonly used in the context of forgiving the sins of a servant. It can be used in both cases, whether it is the sin of people forsaking Fajr or the sin of engaging in haram acts.

Al Afuyu is one of the attributes of Allah Ta’ala. His name is mainly mentioned in this prayer. Allah Ta’ala has included this attributive name meaning to forgive all our sins. This meaning includes all the ways and conditions in which He forgives us because of our repentance, Istegfar, etc. As he says,


(وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَعْفُوا عَنِ السَّيِّئَاتِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ)

Translation: He is the One who accepts the repentance of His servants, forgives their sins and is aware of their deeds. (Sura: Ash-Shura, verse 25)

Tuhibbul Afwa

In fact, Allah Ta’ala loves to forgive His servants more than to punish them. The Qur’an and Hadith clearly state in several places that Allah Ta’ala loves to forgive His servants. Allah Ta’ala’s Mercy has covered His Gadab or Anger. This hadith also proves that it is valid to seek help by the attributive name of Allah Ta’ala.

Fafu Anni

Fafu Anni (Forgive me) is an explicit confession of one’s sins and faults before Allah Ta’ala and an attempt to include oneself in His infinite forgiveness. Its interpretive meaning is – forgive me, do not punish me for my errors and mistakes in your obedience or for indulging in humer.

Benefits of this Dua

Allahumma innaka afuun tuhibbul afwa fafu anni, this dua has many benefits and blessings. We discuss a few here.

  1. It is always mustahab to seek forgiveness from Allah Ta’ala. It is mustahab to make this dua especially on Lailatul Qadr.
  2. Man has the opportunity to get forgiveness from all the sins of his life. It is regarded as everyone’s greatest achievement.
  3. Gain closeness to Allah Ta’ala. Whoever prays more, Allah forgives his sins. As he says,

(إِنَّ اللهَ لاَ يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللهِ فَقَدِ افْتَرَى إِثْماً عَظِيماً)

Translation: Surely Allah does not forgive associating partners with Him. And He forgives all sins except Shirk, whom He wills. And whoever associates partners with Allah, surely commits a great sin. (Surah An-Nisa: Verse 48)

  1. Acknowledging Allah’s Attributes: The dua highlights two attributes of Allah: “Afuwu” (Most Forgiving) and “Tuhibbul Afwa” (You love forgiveness). It is a way of praising Allah for His mercy and forgiveness.
  2. Spiritual Purification: Continually seeking forgiveness through this prayer contributes to the purification of the soul and strengthening of faith.

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