La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku | Details

Shah Muhammad Suhail

La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku

“La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku is an important dhikr (remembrance). It fundamentally affirms the Tawheed (Oneness of Allah) and prohibits Shirk (associating partners with Allah). Through this, it is declared that the Oneness of Allah, the ownership of creation, and the power to manage everything are restricted to Allah alone.

Arabic Text and Meaning

Arabic:

لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد، وهو على كل شيء قدير

Pronunciation: La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahu-l-mulku wa lahu-l-hamdu, wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadir.

Meaning: There is no god but Allah, He is One, He has no partner; His is the sovereignty, and His is the praise, and He has power over all things.

Word Analysis

  • لا (La): No. This word negates the existence of any deity other than Allah.
  • إله (Ilaha): God, deity. It signifies that there is no being worthy of worship except Allah.
  • إلا (Illa): Except. This word negates all entities except Allah.
  • الله (Allah): Allah, the Creator. It is the name encompassing all His attributes.
  • وحده (Wahdahu): Alone, unique. It denotes the singularity and exclusivity of Allah.
  • لا شريك له (La sharikalahu): He has no partner. This phrase indicates the absence of any partners in worship and attributes.
  • له (Lahu): His, belongs to Him. Signifies Allah’s rightful ownership.
  • الملك (Al Mulku): The sovereignty, kingship. This term indicates Allah’s absolute control over creation.
  • وله (Walahu): And His. Indicates that all praise is due to Him.
  • الحمد (Al Hamdu): All praise. This term signifies gratitude and praise for Allah.
  • وهو (Wa huwa): And He. Indicates Allah’s greatness.
  • على كل شيء قدير (Ala kulli shay’in qadeer): Capable of all things. This denotes Allah’s omnipotence.

Meaning: This phrase means: “There is no god but Allah, He is One, He has no partner; His is the sovereignty, His is the praise, and He has power over all things.”

This dhikr is recognized as a fundamental expression of Tawheed and a pledge to abstain from Shirk.

La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku  ‍arabic
La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku ‍arabic

Benefits of “La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku”

Reciting this dhikr enhances the believer’s conviction in Tawheed, strengthens faith in Allah, and ensures freedom from Shirk. It is a pure form of worship that is highly beloved to Allah. Reciting it brings one closer to Allah and offers salvation in the Hereafter.

Quranic and Hadith References

Quran: Surah Al-Ikhlas (112:1-4): “Say, He is Allah, the One. Allah, the Absolute. He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is none comparable to Him.”

Hadith 1: Arabic:

وعَنْ أَبي أيوبَ الأنصَاريِّ عَن النَّبيّ ﷺ قَالَ: مَنْ قالَ لا إلهَ إلاَّ اللَّه وحْدهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لهُ، لَهُ المُلْكُ، ولَهُ الحمْدُ، وَهُو عَلَى كُلِّ شَيءٍ قَدِيرٌ، عشْر مرَّاتٍ، كَانَ كَمَنْ أَعْتَقَ أرْبعةَ أَنفُسٍ مِن وَلدِ إسْماعِيلَ

Translation: Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Whoever says ‘La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharikalahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shay’in qadeer’ ten times, it will be as if he has freed four slaves from the descendants of Ismail.” (Muttafaqun Alayh)

Hadith 2: Arabic:

مَن قالَ في يومٍ مائةَ مرَّةٍ لا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وحدَهُ لا شريكَ لَهُ ، لَهُ الملكُ ولَهُ الحمدُ وَهوَ على كلِّ شيءٍ قديرٌ ، كانَ لَهُ عدلُ عشرِ رقابٍ ، وَكُتِبَت لَهُ مائةُ حَسنةٍ ، ومُحيَ عنهُ مائةُ سيِّئةٍ ، وَكُنَّ لَهُ حِرزًا منَ الشَّيطانِ ، سائرَ يومِهِ إلى اللَّيلِ ، ولم يأتِ أحدٌ بأفضَلَ ممَّا أتى بِهِ ، إلَّا من قالَ أَكْثرَ

Translation: Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Whoever says ‘La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharikalahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shay’in qadeer’ a hundred times in a day, it will be equivalent to freeing ten slaves, a hundred good deeds will be written for him, a hundred bad deeds will be erased, and he will be protected from the devil throughout the day until the night. No one will come with anything better than what he has brought, except someone who has done more.” (Sahih Ibn Majah, Hadith Number: 3079)

This hadith is narrated by Bukhari (3293), Muslim (2691), Tirmidhi (3468), Nasa’i (9853), Ibn Majah (3798), and Ahmad (8008).

Scholars’ Views

Renowned Islamic scholars have emphasized the significance of this dhikr. Imam Nawawi and Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned that reciting this dhikr allows one to easily grasp the essence of Tawheed and deepen their relationship with Allah.

Best Times to Recite

The optimal times to recite this dhikr are in the morning and evening. By starting and ending the day with the reaffirmation of Allah’s Oneness, believers strengthen their faith.

Summary

“La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku” is a fundamental phrase that underscores the importance of Tawheed and forbids Shirk. It reinforces the believer’s faith in Allah’s Oneness and is a vital means of attaining salvation in the Hereafter.

FAQs

Q: How many times should this dhikr be recited?

A: It is recommended to recite it 100 times in the morning and evening.

Q: What is the best time to recite this dhikr?

A: After Fajr prayer in the morning and after Maghrib prayer in the evening.

Q: What are the benefits of reciting this dhikr?

A: Reinforcement of Tawheed, freedom from Shirk, salvation in the Hereafter, and drawing closer to Allah.

Q: Which Quranic verse is related to this dhikr?

A: Surah Al-Ikhlas (112:1-4) explains the essence of Tawheed.

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